What is web hosting and domain
Web hosting is an online service that allows storing all the files and data necessary for your website, on their server. It’s just like an online storage service. When you sign up for a hosting service, you basically rent some space on a server.
A server is a physical computer that runs without any interruption so that your website is available all the time for anyone who wants to see it. Your web host is responsible for keeping the server up and running, protecting it from malicious attacks, and transferring your content (text, images, files) from the server to your visitors’ browsers.
Now, what is Domain?
Domains are another name for the IP Addresses of the server computer. Computers use IP addresses, which are a series of numbers. But, it is difficult for us to remember strings of numbers. Because of this, domain names were developed and used to identify entities on the Internet rather than using IP addresses.
The domain name must be registered before you can use it. Every domain name is unique as every IP address is unique. No two websites can have the same domain name. If someone types in www.yourdomain.com, it will go to your website and no one else’s. A domain name can be any combination of letters and numbers, and it can be used in combination with the various domain name extensions, such as .com, .in and more.
Overall, Your web host stores all your files, assets, and databases on the server. Whenever someone types your domain name into the address bar of their browser, your host transfers all the requested files to the user’s Browser.
Different Types of Web Hosting
Most web hosts offer different types of hosting so that they can serve the needs of different clients. The bigger your website is, the more server space you need. It’s the best to start small, with a shared hosting plan and when your site gets bigger, upgrade to a more advanced type of hosting.
Shared hosting is the most common type of web hosting and it’s an excellent solution for most small businesses and blogs. When you hear the word “web hosting”, the speaker usually refers to shared hosting. With shared hosting, you share a server with other clients of your hosting provider. Websites hosted on the same server share all its resources such as memory, computing power, disk space, and others.
- Low cost
- Beginner-friendly (no need for specific technical knowledge)
- Pre-configured server
- User-friendly control panel
- Maintenance and server administration are taken care of by the host
- Little or no control over server configuration
- Traffic surges on other websites can slow down your site
With VPS (Virtual Private Server) hosting, you still share a server with other users, however, your web host allocates a separate partition for you on the server. This means you get a dedicated server space and a reserved amount of computing power and memory. In fact, VPS hosting can be great for medium-sized businesses with rapidly growing websites.
- Dedicated server space (without having to pay for a dedicated server)
- Traffic surges on other websites have no effect on your performance
- Root access to the server
- Easy scalability
- High customizability
- More expensive than shared hosting
- Technical and server management knowledge is a must
Cloud hosting is currently the most reliable solution on the market, as it comes with literally no downtime. With cloud hosting, your host provides you with a cluster of servers. Your files and resources are replicated on each server. When one of the cloud servers is busy or has any problems, your traffic is automatically routed to another server in the cluster.
- Little to no downtime
- Server failures have no effect on your site
- Allocates resources on demand
- Pay as you go pricing (you only pay for what you use)
- More scalable than a VPS
- Hard to estimate the costs
- Root access is not always provided
WordPress hosting is a certain form of shared hosting, created for WordPress site owners. Your server is configured specifically for WordPress and your site comes with pre-installed plugins for crucial things like caching and security. Due to the highly optimized configuration, your site loads much faster and runs with fewer problems. WordPress hosting plans frequently include extra WordPress-related features, such as pre-designed WordPress themes, drag-and-drop page builders, and specific developer tools.
- Low cost (frequently available at the same cost as regular shared hosting)
- One-click WordPress installation
- Good performance for WordPress sites
- Customer support team trained in WordPress issues
- Pre-installed WordPress plugins and themes
- Recommended only for WordPress sites (this can be an issue if you want to host more than one websites on your server and not all of them use WordPress)
Dedicated hosting means that you have your own physical server that’s dedicated solely to your site. Therefore, dedicated hosting gives you incredible flexibility. You can configure your server as you wish, choose the operating system and software you want to use, and set up the whole hosting environment according to your own needs.
In fact, renting a dedicated server is just as powerful as owning your own on-site server, but comes with the professional support of your web host.
- Full control over server configuration
- High reliability (you don’t share the resources of your server with anyone)
- Root access to your server
- High security
- High cost
- Technical and server management knowledge is a must
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